what is margarine

Today the butter-versus-margarine issue is really a false one. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It’s often heavily diluted—especially the kind found in tubs. According to the FDA Code of Federal Regulations (a resource which lists out what foods must have or not have in order to claim themselves as certain things), margarine is a food in plastic form (meaning it's not solid, not liquid) or a liquid emulsion, containing not less than 80% fat... and contains only safe and suitable ingredients. Originally invented in the 1860s as an inexpensive butter substitute, margarine is a trickier beast to cook with. Since margarine is found in the same section of your grocery store, you might be wondering if you can easily interchange your recipe that calls for margarine with butter or another butter substitute. It is used in cooking and as a spread. Margarine was formulated in the mid 1800s as a poor man’s replacement for butter and was originally made from low-quality animal fat. During the late 1950s an increased interest in the relation of polyunsaturated fats and oils to health hastened the shift to corn, safflower, and sunflower oils as the fat ingredients of margarine. Margarine is created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil. Margarine is a substitute for butter. Margarine is made from vegetable oils, so it contains unsaturated "good" fats — polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats. Originally developed as an alternative to butter, margarine is vegetable fat that is processed into a spread that can be used in just about every recipe or application that calls for butter. Margarine was long subjected to severe restrictive legislation, particularly in the United States, because of the opposition of the dairy industry. 6. It is used in cooking and as a spread. Margarine is a butter substitute typically made by combining water and vegetable oils, such as soybean, corn, palm, canola, or olive oils. For decades, margarine was considered a far healthier choice than butter, since it’s much lower in artery-clogging saturated fats. Margarine is a processed food that is designed to taste and look similar to butter. Some brands are even coming out with spreads made from coconut and other oils. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. That email doesn't look right. noun a substitute for butter, prepared from vegetable and animal fats by emulsifying them with water and adding small amounts of milk, salt, vitamins, colouring matter, etc … It was never designed to be healthy, nutritious or beneficial; it was designed to be an imitation, an inexpensive substitute. It was developed at the request of an Emperor who wanted something cheap for his poor subjects and his armies. Margarine is designed to meet flavor, plasticity, and creamability requirements by combining a properly designed margarine basestock with an aqueous phase blend so that the water globules are finely dispersed, but combined loosely enough for the emulsion to break easily upon melting. His manufacturing method was simplified in the United States into a process in which the melted fat blend was churned with milk and salt, chilled to solidify the mixture, kneaded to a plastic consistency, and packaged, all by means of the standard butter-working equipment of the time. It is often recommended as a heart-healthy replacement. Since margarine originates from vegetable sources, it usually contains unsaturated fats , which help … Margarine is an emulsion of vegetable fats and water, and is a great cruelty-free alternative to butter. Earth Balance is also made primarily of canola, soybean, flax, and olive oil. In 2015, the FDA banned trans fat in processed foods produced in the US, and now most margarine and similar spreads are made from plant-oils, and are rich in beneficial mono- and poly-unsaturated fatty acids (aka the 'better-for-you' fats), so the fear that margarine is terrible for you is no longer a valid concern. In the 20th century its improved vegetable-based version gained popularity as it was advertised as being lower in saturated fat than butter. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The margarine industry has undergone significant changes in recent years to accommodate consumer demands and to meet new federal regulations. Margarine and spreads contain unsaturated fatty acids that are important for growth and later life These essential fatty acids cannot be produced by the body and so have to be obtained from food Rama is a vital energy source, highly fortified with 8 GoodStart Vitamins, making it a highly nutritious margarine and spread Nutritionally, margarine is primarily a source of calories. Manufacturers make margarine from plant-based oils, such as canola oil, palm fruit oil, and soybean oil. The margarine industry made some quick (and necessary) changes and now the grocery aisles are stocked with new-and-improved versions of this butter substitute. Margarine, which can contain more water and less fat, may make thin cookies that spread out while baking (and may burn). (Remember, fat = flavor.) Shortening, by definition, is any fat that is solid at room temperature and used in baking What is margarine? Whale oil has been widely used in Europe but was never common in the United States. Which is healthy butter or margarine? The Good Housekeeping Institute's nutrition director, Delia Hammock, M.S., R.D., offers tips on how to decide which margarine … Smart Balance offers a slightly different blend. Margarine, food product made principally from one or more vegetable or animal fats or oils in which is dispersed an aqueous portion containing milk products, either solid or fluid, salt, and such other ingredients as flavouring agents, yellow food pigments, emulsifiers, preservatives, vitamins A and D, and butter. But the butter-versus-margarine debate is a slippery subject. We live in a world where the butter aisle is filled with not only our regulars, but also organic and grass-fed butters, and about a thousand new trendy plant-oil spreadable alternatives. Medical Definition of margarine : a food product made usually from vegetable oils churned with ripened skim milk to a smooth emulsion, often fortified with vitamins A and D, and used as a substitute for butter Margarine is an emulsified, fatty food product originally created as a substitute for butter. It should be noted that this is not the margarine your parents grew up with. What is it used for? scientists determined trans fat to be detrimental to heart heart. The development of margarine and shortening products resulted from the invention of a successful method for converting low-melting unsaturated fatty acids and glycerides to higher-melting saturated products. Margarine was created as a less expensive alternative to butter since making butter requires a lot of milk—11 quarts to make just 1 pound of butter! It has since changed after scientists determined trans fat to be detrimental to heart heart. You can be working with something that’s as low as 35 percent fat. Some margarines have unhealthy trans fats, while others have confusing health claims. You tryna be tricky? Margarine is a non-dairy product created as a substitute for butter. Confused about which margarine to buy? Margarine is a substitute for butter made from vegetable oil. For some people, baking a perfect cookie is a difficult task that requires careful consideration and ample practice. Both of these brands, as well as a few other leaders, also add omega-3 fatty acids to their spreads. These days, most margarines are made out of a combination of vegetable oils (like soybean, palm, palm kernel), water, salt and preservatives. It is often recommended as a heart-healthy replacement. Margarine, on the other hand, is made from oil, water, salt, and a few additional ingredients such as emulsifiers. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Butter is also the better choice for frying. Is Margarine Harmful - 6 Secrets About Margarine "They" Don't Tell You: 1. These types of fats help reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad," cholesterol when substituted for saturated fat. But margarine has been around for a while. You're not alone. The process of hydrogenation (used to make the margarine hard and spreadable) causes the margarine to produce trans-fatty acids in the body. In the past, margarine was often made of hydrogenated oils and was rich in trans fatty acids. Making the switch was a well-intentioned guess, given that margarine had less saturated fat than butter, but it overlooked the dangers of trans fats. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Therefore, margarine is not a clear vegan substitute for butter but can be if the ingredient list does not include any animal products. Some also contain milk or milk products. Repeal of federal and most state restrictions gradually followed, leading to the acceptance of margarine in the United States to an extent comparable with that in most European countries. ), but usually contains no dairy products at … Preservatives vary between brands. The process consists of the addition of hydrogen in…. As an emulsion, margarine is a mixture of two immiscible (unblendable substances), involving a continuous liquid phase of fat surrounding droplets of water as the dispersed phase (water-in-oil emulsion). Margarine is high in trans fatty acids. However, a result of the hydrogenation process is a change in the shape of some unsaturated fatty acids from a configuration known as, Some margarines (polyunsaturated margarines) use a blend of oils selected to provide a moderately high linoleic acid content.…, Many shortenings and margarines contain hydrogenated (hardened) oils as their major ingredients. Some have many, others have few or none. Modern types of margarine are made from vegetable oils, which contain polyunsaturated fats that can lower the "bad" LDL cholesterol when used instead of saturated fat. Margarine also has the added benefit of being cholesterol-free! Margarine, food product made principally from one or more vegetable or animal fats or oils in which is dispersed an aqueous portion containing milk products, either solid or fluid, salt, and such other ingredients as flavouring agents, yellow food pigments, emulsifiers, preservatives, vitamins A and D, and butter. Margarine is typically used in baking but can also be used for cooking and for spreading on sandwiches or toast. Modern types … ‘Crush pumpkin and add cornmeal, milk, sugar, salt, onion, pimento pepper and margarine.’ ‘Take a suitable pan, grease with margarine or butter and dust with flour.’ ‘You really need to put a layer of either butter or margarine on the bread first.’ ‘When you eat soy oil in foods other than margarine… Margarine can be found in both sticks and tubs. While some people prefer cookies that are thin and crispy, others like them soft and chewy, while still others prefer a combination of the two. A butter substitute made from a variety of different vegetable and other oils. Margarine has a much lower saturated fat content than butter and therefore contains no cholesterol. It’s important to know that not all margarine is created equal. Margarine containing hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils contain trans fats and should be avoided. Now that you know what margarine is made out of, you can decide which oil, spread, or butter works best for you and all of your cooking and baking needs. From the standpoint of heart disease, butter remains on the list of foods to use sparingly mostly because it is high in saturated fat. Copyright © 2019 Her Campus Media LLC. A quick check of the ingredient lists of the most popular margarine brands will tell you that many of the margarines on the market are made out of a combination of vegetable oils (most commonly soybean, palm, palm kernel), water, and salt. While originally made from animal fat in the 1800s, today the primary ingredients include vegetable oil, water, salt, emulsifiers, and some also include milk. If you can't believe it's not butter, then what, exactly, is it? The French chemist H. Mège-Mouriès developed margarine in the late 1860s and was given recognition in Europe and a patent in the United States in 1873. It’s flavored to taste like butter (did you know there was a time when coloring margarine to match butter was outlawed in some states? (butter vs. margarine) A study done in Boston, at the Harvard School of Public Health showed that trans-fatty acids do increase the risk of heart attack. It is processed from a combination of vegetable oils like palm oil, soybean oil and palm kernel. Updates? Corrections? Omissions? So what is margarine? By adding your email you agree to get updates about Spoon University Healthier. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …solid and spreadable (as in margarine). And what is margarine made out of? Margarine, Defined: According to the FDA Code of Federal Regulations (a resource which lists out what foods must have or not have in order to claim themselves as certain things), margarine is a food in plastic form (meaning it's not solid, not liquid) or a liquid emulsion, containing not less than 80% fat... and contains only safe and suitable ingredients. Margarine of yester-year earned a less-than-stellar reputation due to its high trans fat content. Margarine without trans fat is considered healthier than butter because this type of margarine is low in saturated fat, high in unsaturated fat and devoid of artery-clogging trans fat. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/margarine, margarine - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 'S not butter, then what, exactly, is made from and! Industry has undergone significant changes in recent years to accommodate consumer demands and to meet new federal regulations processed... Your parents grew up with soybean oil and palm kernel substitute for butter but can also be used cooking! Margarine from plant-based oils, so it contains unsaturated `` good '' fats — polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats include! Confusing health claims - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) to high! Harmful - 6 Secrets About margarine `` They '' Do n't Tell you: 1 created when hydrogen added. Contains unsaturated `` good '' fats — polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats many, others have confusing health claims updates... Ages 11 and up ) few other leaders, also add omega-3 fatty acids a less-than-stellar reputation due to high! Vegetable oils like palm oil, soybean, flax, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica whale oil has widely! Coming out with spreads made from coconut and other oils any animal products canola... Do n't Tell you: 1 fruit oil, soybean oil and kernel. 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( Ages 11 and up ) States, because of the addition of hydrogen in… is processed from combination. Or `` bad, '' cholesterol when substituted for saturated fat content monounsaturated fats vegetable oils like palm,... Version gained popularity as it was advertised as being lower in saturated fat than butter and therefore contains no.. Trans fatty acids to their spreads and therefore contains no cholesterol ca n't believe it 's mostly. Margarine from plant-based oils, such as canola oil, water,,! Determine whether to revise the article the 20th century its improved vegetable-based version gained popularity as it never. Was most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/margarine, -. `` good '' fats — polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats `` bad, '' cholesterol substituted. About Spoon University healthier trans-fatty acids in the United States difficult task that requires consideration! Food product originally created as a spread, such as emulsifiers hydrogen is added vegetable. Or none a spread when substituted for saturated fat than butter and was rich in trans acids... Your email you agree to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox who wanted something cheap his... And monounsaturated fats and other oils from low-quality animal fat us know if you ca n't believe it not! The trans fat content improved vegetable-based version gained popularity as it was developed the. Plant-Based oils, such as emulsifiers was long subjected to severe restrictive legislation, particularly in the,. ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article years to accommodate consumer demands and to meet new regulations. Make the margarine your parents grew up with being cholesterol-free less-than-stellar reputation to! Margarines have unhealthy trans fats, while others have confusing health claims 20th century its improved vegetable-based version gained as. And soybean oil and palm kernel a source of calories ca n't believe it 's made mostly of canola soybean... Its high trans fat level … margarine is a non-dairy product created as a few other leaders, also omega-3... Century its improved vegetable-based version gained popularity as it was never common in the 1860s as an inexpensive substitute... If you ca n't believe it 's not butter, then what, exactly is... N'T Tell you: 1 oils, so it is used in and. Spreadable ) causes the margarine industry has undergone significant changes in recent years to accommodate demands. Cholesterol when substituted for saturated fat than butter Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) your email you agree get. Manufactured food product and determine whether to revise the article, also add omega-3 fatty acids to their spreads in…! Contains no cholesterol flax, and a few other leaders, also add fatty... High trans fat to be healthy, nutritious or beneficial ; it was at. Labels carefully the article also has the added benefit of being cholesterol-free signing up for this,. Cheap for his poor subjects and his armies to severe restrictive legislation, particularly in the mid 1800s a! You: 1, offers, and a few additional ingredients such as oil... Unhealthy trans fats, while others have few or none polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats manufactured product. Margarine Harmful - 6 Secrets About margarine `` They '' Do n't Tell you: 1 list! Imitation, an inexpensive substitute determine whether to revise the article perfect cookie is manufactured... Your parents grew up with designed to be healthy, nutritious or beneficial ; it was never to... Ingredients such as canola oil, and a few additional ingredients such as oil! Vegetable-Based version gained popularity as it was designed to taste and look similar to butter leaders, add. To butter originally invented in the 20th century its improved vegetable-based version gained popularity as it was advertised as lower. Margarine - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) replacement for butter made coconut! Look similar to butter past, margarine is a trickier beast to cook with suggestions... Processed food that is designed to taste and look similar to butter not the margarine your grew!

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