The processing work is very fast. Data Collection Procedures and Tools Grounded Theory Data Collection Tactics Several grounded theory tact ics, were used in this research study. The type of data affects the advantages and disadvantages of tables and graphs, explains the University of Syracuse. When administrative data are used for statistical purposes, the first problem to be faced is that the information acquired is not exactly that which is needed, since questionnaires are designed for specific administrative purposes. Each row contains a single entry with data in each column pertaining to that single entry. Use in the Notice Board: Such representation can be hanged in the notice board to quickly raise the attention of employees in any organization. Before the calculation of descriptive statistics, it is sometimes a good idea to present data as tables, charts, diagrams or graphs. As a layman, one cannot understand the tabulated data easily but with only a single glance at the diagram, one gets complete picture of the data presented. However, there are certain disadvantages too. Cross tabulation is designed to display data in a table, making that data much easier to read and interpret. Cross Tabulation enables researchers to extract the first cut of meaningful information. Cross tabulations are simply data tables that present the results of the entire group of respondents as well as results from sub-groups of survey respondents. 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Now the software manipulates the data which provides instructions to process data and give meaningful expected information. Advantages of tabular presentation of data: 1. there are many advantages and disadvantages of it we will discuss as follow. There are many disadvantages of tabular form of data, out of many some of the major disadvantages of tabular representation of data are It does not give a visual presentation of data, it only gives textual representation ; Tabular data is only good for differences of points or if we tally two or more topics ; Tabular representation won’t provide much of definitions it only helps to tally Tabulation of data: After editing, which ensures that the information on the schedule is accurate and categorized in a suitable form, the data are put together in some kinds of tables and may also undergo some other forms of statistical analysis. 2. Reported disadvantages of big data include the following: Need for talent: Data scientists and big data experts are among the most highly coveted —and highly paid — workers in the IT field. For example: Tabulation of data on the population of the world classified by one characteristic like religion is an example of a simple tabulation. 1. Comparative Analysis: Information can be compared in terms of graphical representation. Like for example manually writing or calculating a report manually and accurately is manual processing, manually verifying marks sheet, financial calculation, etc. According to M.J. Moroney, “diagrams register a meaningful impression almost before we think. Cross tabulation is designed to display data in a table, making that data much easier to read and interpret. Classification and tabulation of data - Statistical Classifications Assignment Help >> Classification and tabulation of data. It facilitates comparison by bringing related information close to each other and helps in further statistical analysis and interpretation. Hadoop is the most commonly used tool for Big Data analytics. The Cons: Disadvantages and Challenges of Big Data. This article will clear the concept of those people. Advantages and Rules of Tabulation. Independent events that contain specific, independently defined characteristics, are tabulated, or organized, into a contingency table. When conducting survey analysis, cross tabulations (also referred to as cross-tabs) are a quantitative research method appropriate for analyzing the relationship between two or more variables. It saves space and time. A list provides columns of information, typically in tabular form. New approach. However, the standard version of Hadoop is not currently able to handle real-time data analysis. It processes the raw data through computers and programs using electronic communication. Rare article on internet but you write it very well and this is very informative. The word data comes from the Latin language, which means the collection of raw information. Classification and tabulation of data. Tabulation facilitates comparison as data are presented in compact and organised form. The data which is processed manually by human actions that are without using any tool is manual processing. Advantages and disadvantages of survey research Advantages of survey research: High Representativeness: Surveys provide a high level of general capability in representing a large population. very visual, easy to compare, two or more sets of data represented. Quine–McCluskey method is a tabular method that has an advantage over Karnaugh maps when a large number of inputs are present (more than five variables). Disadvantages of questionnaires however also stem from the same factors that provide the advantage. The important steps mainly include in this processing are as follows. 3. 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